Gaps in the Literature
Gaps in the Literature are missing pieces or insufficient information in the research literature. These are areas that have scope for further research because they are unexplored, under-explored, or outdated.
Gaps Could be
- population or sample: size, type, location etc…
- research methods: qualitative, quantitative, or mixed
- data collection or analysis
- research variables or conditions
Where to Find Gaps
Search databases such as Scopus, ProQuest Central, and PubMed (MEDLINE). Find databases in the Research by Subject guide for your course or program. Conduct an extensive literature search to find a broad range of research articles on a topic.
If you do not find articles in your literature search, this may indicate a gap.
If you do find articles, the goal is to find a gap for contributing new research. Authors signal that there is a gap using words such as:
- has not been clarified, studied, reported, or elucidated
- further research is required or needed
- is not well reported
- suggestions for further research
- key question is or remains
- it is important to address
- poorly understood or known
- lack of studies.
Identifying Research Gaps YouTube video from UCLA Library
Questions and Help
Undertaking a Systematic Review is a rewarding yet time consuming and intense endeavor. UNE Library Services’ Research & Teaching Librarians will gladly assist with search tips, database options, and helpful resources. However, at this time, there are not enough staff resources to provide a Librarian as a member of a Systematic Review Team.